Aktualisiert: 18. Dez 2020
Leather is often considered a staple in men's and women's fashion. However, it is not always easy to distinguish between real leather and faux or fake leather (PU leather). It can be quite frustrating to purchase a product which looks like a genuine leather product, but later to realize it is actually artificial leather or faux leather. Authentic leather is much more expensive than faux leather, so it is important to know the difference between the two. Using the detail guidelines below, shoppers will be able to easily distinguish between real and faux leather by following a few simple tips. Learning how to differentiate real leather from faux leather will ensure an efficient and enjoyable buying experience.
Genuine leathers are mostly made from the skins of animals, such as cattle, goats, sheep and camel etc. There are many types of leather, but it can generally be categorized into three types: aniline, semi-aniline, and pigmented. When choosing which type of leather to purchase, consider the desired appearance, and how often the leather will be used.
Aniline leather is of high quality, top-grain leather that has no protective treatment applied. It is the most natural-looking leather. Aniline finishes allow the natural leather markings to show. The leather is susceptible to surface scratches and easily absorbs stains. It is also prone to fading if in the sun for an extended period of time.
Semi-aniline leather is a pure aniline leather that has a light surface coating of pigment or clear finish. This increases the durability of the leather and protects it from stains and spills, while still retaining its natural appearance. The surface coating also ensures color consistency throughout the leather.
Pigmented leather is top-grain leather that has been coated with a clear top layer or pigment. Pigments give the leather a shiny, even top color, making the leather have a less natural appearance. Leather is pigmented to provide durability and to hide natural blemishes. It is easy to maintain and has maximum resistance to stains, wear, and fading. Pigmented leather is typically found in furniture and auto upholstery.
Faux Leather or Artificial Leather
Faux leather is made from a fabric base, which is chemically treated with wax, dye, or polyurethane (PU) for a color and texture. Ultimately, it is manmade and exists to give the look and feel of real leather at an exceptionally lower cost. The most common type of faux leather is PU leather. It is a plastic fabric made to look like leather. Please keep in mind that plastic is non-recyclable. It is lighter and less restrictive than real leather and can be dyed in any color. Faux leather comes in many forms and some are better quality than others. Other types of faux leather include leatherette and vegan leather.
Spotting Faux (Artificial) Leather
The main differences between real and faux leather are quality and durability. Spotting the difference between faux and real leather can be difficult because they can look very similar. There are several techniques that are used to identify faux leather.
Look at the Labels
While it may sound obvious, looking at the label on the product is an easy way to identify the type of leather. Products made of real leather will proudly say so on the label. If the label reads, "manmade materials" or "PU materials" etc. The product is not made of real leather.
Inspect the Edges
Look at the edges of the leather products. Faux (Artificial) leather products will have a perfect-looking edge that feels foamy or plastic. Authentic or Real leather will have a rough-around-the-edges look.
Examine the Pores
When making a leather purchase, closely examine the pores of the fabric. Faux (Artificial) leather will have pores that are in a consistent pattern, while real leather will have inconsistently placed pores.
Touch the Leather
Depending on the quality, real leather can feel coarse or smooth, or anywhere in between. Leather is also flexible and soft. If the item in questions feels really smooth or has a similar feel to plastic, it is likely fake leather. Faux or Artificial leather also tends to stretch more than real leather. To become familiarized with the feel of real and faux leather, go to a reputable leather store and feel real leather to compare it to faux leather.